This page provides a brief overview of the steps taken by the Contracting Parties to the London Convention and London Protocol to address ocean fertilization since 1999.
An Assessment Framework for Scientific Research Involving Ocean Fertilization developed by the Scientific Groups to the London Convention and London Protocol.
Southern Ocean Iron Fertilization: An Argument Against Commercialization but for Continued Research Amidst Lingering Uncertainty
This paper argues against attempting to commercialize ocean iron fertilization under any emerging market framework.
Reviews and Syntheses: Ocean Iron Fertilization Experiments – Past, Present, and Future Looking to a Future Korean Iron Fertilization Experiment in the Southern Ocean (KIFES) Project
This article suggests designs to maximize the effectiveness of artificial ocean iron fertilization (aOIF) under international aOIF regulations.
Oceans in Transition: Incorporating Climate-Change Impacts into Environmental Impact Assessment for Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction
This Article reviews the existing international law and policy framework for environmental impact assessment in areas beyond national jurisdiction, with a look at how ocean iron fertilization fits into the existing framework.
The article evaluates if customary international law and treaty negotiations for sustainable use of biodiversity areas beyond national jurisdiction will progress the goal of marine environmental protection, with a brief look at ocean fertilization.
This paper argues that modifying just war theory into “just geoengineering theory” will provide ethical standards for security decision makers as they consider whether or how geoengineering should be used.
Geoengineering at the “Edge of the World”: Exploring perceptions of ocean fertilisation through the Haida Salmon Restoration Corporation
This paper uses the Haida Salmon Restoration Corporation's 2012 ocean fertilization experiment to report a novel situated study of public perceptions of geoengineering and present a broad geoengineering governance strategy.
This article explains how a subjective understanding of certainty influenced global ocean governance as related to ocean iron fertilization.
This bill creates a 5 Member Commission to study and provide recommendations to the state on the regulation and licensure of geoengineering, which includes ocean iron fertilization.